Foods That Lower Testosterone For PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common endocrine disorder and it is characterised as having 2 out of the 3 (specified in the Rotterdam Criteria), 1. high androgens, 2. Irregular menstrual cycle and 3. Polycystic Ovaries. Therefore, if you have 2 out of the 3, you have PCOS.
 
The exact cause of PCOS is yet unknown, however, we do know that there are different type of PCOS, which means that there is possibly more than one cause.
 
Insulin resistance is a common condition associated with PCOS. High levels of insulin causes the ovary to produce excess mounts of androgens.
 
In order to lower androgens levels, insulin levels must be managed and lowered.
 
Nutrition is one of the key components when looking to manage PCOS and it's symptoms.
 
Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or heard on here.
 

Here are 6 Testosterone Lowering Foods

 
Flax Seed

Flax seeds are rich in a compound called lignans, having levels that are 800-fold over that of most other foods. Lignans are very estrogenic. [1] Researchers have found that they can reduce andorgens. Research results show that flax seeds reduce both total and free testosterone levels, [2] but also help suppress the enzyme 5-a reductase which converts testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is cause of hair loss and acne in women with PCOS.
 
Several studies have found that lignans can increase the levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), which in turn binds to free-testosterone molecules, resulting in a decline free testosterone.
 

 
Spearmint

There are not many studies into spearmint, however, there was a study found in the Journal of Phytotherapy Research, in 2010, showed spearmint tea has anti-androgenic effects.
 
[3] The results showed that after the 30 day study period, there was a reduction in free and total testosterone levels were significantly reduced in the spearmint tea group (p < 0.05). LH and FSH also increased (p < 0.05). Furthemore, patient's subjective assessments of their degree of hirsutism scored by the modified DQLI were significantly reduced in the spearmint tea group (p < 0.05).
 
Low Glycemic Index Carbs

Consuming any type of food increases insulin, however, consuming carbs, specifically simple sugar and high GI carbs increases blood sugar levels and in turn insulin levels spike. Therefore, opting for low GI, complex carbs, can help prevent the large increase in insulin. Reducing the amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas will help stop the ovary from producing excess levels of androgens.
 
Omega 3

Omega 3 has anti-inflmammtory properties which therefore is beneficial for women with PCOS, due to inflammation found in the body. [4] A 2013 study, conducted by Nadjarzadeh et al, found that Omega-3 supplementation could reduce serum concentrations of testosterone and regulate menstrual cycle without significant effect on SHBG. Although more and longer studies must be undertaken.
 
Inositol

Inositol is a naturally occurring compound found in most foods, but the highest levels are found in whole grains and citrus fruits.
 
Our bodies are supposed to convert inositol from our food to MYO and DCI. Although, research suggests that women with PCOS struggle to convert food into MYO or DCI, or it may be we excrete too much DCI and are unable to replace it quickly enough.
 
Therefore, research indicates that inositol is a safe and effective supplement for women suffering from PCOS. Inositol improves fertility, metabolic parameters and reduces androgen levels, which in turn helps with acne or hirsutism.
 
Red Clover

Red clover is a herb, containing nutrients such as vitamin C, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chromium, niacin, phosphorus and thiamine. Red clover is a rich source of isoflavones (chemicals that act like estrogen). Due to its estrogen like effects research suggests it can help lower testosterone. Caution must be taken when taking red clover as there are also side effects, especially if taking for a long time.
 

Sources

[1] Nowak, DA., Snyder, DC., Brown, AJ., and Wahnefried, WD. (2007). The Effect of Flaxseed Supplementation on Hormonal Levels Associated with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Case Study. Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research. 5(4): 177–181. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2752973/
 
[2] Evans B, Griffiths K, Morton M. Inhibition of 5 alpha-reductase in genital skin fibroblasts and prostate tissue by dietary lignans and isoflavonoids. The Journal of endocrinology. 1995;147(2):295–302. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7490559
 

[3] Grant P. (2010). Spearmint herbal tea has significant anti-androgen effects in polycystic ovarian syndrome. A randomized controlled trial. Phytotherapy Research. 24(2):186-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19585478

 
[4] Nadjarzadeh, A.,Firouzabadi, RD., Vaziri, N.,Daneshbodi, H., Lotfi, MH., and Mozaffari-Khosravi, H. (2013). The effect of omega-3 supplementation on androgen profile and menstrual status in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized clinical trial. Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 11(8): 665–672. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941370/

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