What causes a Hormone Imbalance
What are Hormones?
Hormones are chemical messengers secreted into the blood which affects the way other cells function. PCOS is an endocrine disorder. The endocrine system produces hormones which regulate various bodily processes. PCOS is, therefore, a hormonal disorder.
What can cause a hormone imbalance?
Stress- being under a lot of stress or continual stress can lead to high cortisol levels (cortisol is the hormone that is produced in the stress response). As a result, increased cortisol can cause hormone resistance. This means that the cells can not be influenced directly as the cellular receptors to hormones have become less sensitive to the effect of that hormone and the hormone can not do what it is supposed to do.
GMO Chemical Foods- Research shows a chemical called Glyphosate found in GMO foods is an endocrine disruptor, which blocks the enzyme aromatase, which is meant to aid in the androgen to estrogen conversion, in turn causing an excess of androgen.
Eating disorders and being in a calorie deficit- Unhealthy eating habits can affect your reproductive hormones, your menstrual cycle, sex drive, bones and heart are as a result affected. It is crucial that both women and men have a healthy eating style in order to prevent any of these effects stated above.
Our body undertakes these responses in order to save energy. When your body is in a starving state it shuts down reproduction as there are not enough calories for one person let alone two. Your body is more focused on saving energy for survival.
Restricting certain foods or food groups can cause nutrient and vitamin deficiencies, in turn, your hormones suffer.
Also, not allowing yourself the freedom to enjoy food and crave is not healthy for the mind or body. Constantly forcing yourself not to eat a food put your body under stress, increasing your "stress hormones", as a result, cortisol levels are released at greater quantities.
Creating too much of a calorie deficit can cause a host of health problems:
- abnormal hormone fluctuations including thyroid and testosterone
- decreased metabolism
- sleep disruptions
- fogginess, memory dysfunction, difficulty concentrating
- fatigue and soreness
- bone and muscle loss
- reproductive dysfunction (loss of menstrual periods, infertility)
- anxiety and depression
Poor nutrition- our bodies need various types of fats and carbs to create hormones. Correct nutrition is important your hormones and your overall health. Limiting yourself of certain nutrients is damaging to your hormones. All three macronutrients are vital for your hormones.